Securing the wired network with 802.1X

This post covers an innovation project I did to secure the wired network at a shared conf center with 802.1X.

Every few months we had to disable the wired network in order to prevent non-employees from being able to get online. This was not scalable, was prone to human error, and scheduling confusion. I planned to automate the process by enabling 802.1X aka dot1q on the switches using our Windows AD via Cisco ACS.

Any Domain joined devices that plugged in would get access to our corp VLAN, and unknown devices would go into a dead VLAN. Long term I planned to enable a wired guest VLAN and had it labbed out for non local switched wifi where the guest VLAN exists on the switch you’re connected to but didn’t around to labbing local switching using CAPWAP tunnels.

Wired Guest Access using Cisco WLAN Controllers Configuration Example:

Phones would Continue reading...

Guest wifi and branch backup VPN redo

This post is about a situation I ran into a while ago and records my configs and testing for converting from a PBR setup to VRF on a Cisco 881 router with a diagram at the end.

Through a combination of configs involving PBR (Policy Based Routing) AKA Source Routing (as opposed to standard Destination Routing), Proxy Server exceptions, and Default Route/missing Default Route it was impossible to get to internet facing apps/sites over guest wifi or branch backup VPN.

I knew I could use VRF’s (Virtual Routing and Forwarding) to separate the traffic and solve the issue, but had to prove it to my team as they weren’t familiar with VRF’s. A Cisco router without VRF’s built only has the “global routing table”. VRF’s create separate instances of routing tables; one for each VRF, while leaving the global in place.

IOS-XE comes with a mgmt-intf VRF by default for Continue reading...